The Federal Republic of Somalia launches first population data since 1975

Mogadishu, 26 May 2015 – The Federal Republic of Somalia today launched the first comprehensive estimation of the Somali population in over four decades at the Police Academy in Mogadishu; a groundbreaking initiative that will inform development programmes in the country.

Carried out between October 2013 and March 2014 in collaboration with international partners, the survey collected information from 250,000 households in urban, rural, nomadic settings and camps for the internally displaced people. The survey provides crucial information on the size, gender and age of Somali citizens, as well as how they are distributed. It also determines how many Somalis live in urban and rural areas and camps for the internally displaced, and how many live nomadic lifestyles.

“In deciding to hold a Population Estimation Survey (PESS) 2013-2014, two years before the proposed 2016 official census, we were acting upon our critical need to obtain basic information and bridging the information gap, so that our plans should be based on the real situation. We are now paving way for the proposed census, which is a mammoth undertaking in itself in a country which is only beginning to emerge from a system that fragmented in every aspect of social and political life and entering a new era,”  said Abdirahman Aynte, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation .

Among other findings, this unprecedented estimate indicates that about three-quarters of Somalis are below 30 years, and around 46 percent of the population is below the age of 15. These numbers further highlight the urgency to invest in young people today by ensuring education and employment opportunities and providing the young men and women with access to health services to improve the lives of future generations.

Another striking finding is the fact that about half of the total female population comprises women of childbearing age (15-49 years). This large proportion of mothers and potential mothers requires focused dedication for investment in maternal health care and health education in order to minimise the risks of mothers losing their lives during pregnancy or while delivering babies.

“For UNFPA, our focus is that no woman should die while giving life and the participation of these young women in substantive income generating activities could spiral the growth of the Somali economy, while improving their families’ quality of life,” UNFPA’s Deputy Regional Director for the Arab States, Francois Farah, said at the event.

The newly collected information will enable the authorities to better design the next phase of this work, which is official census.

“The completion of this survey is a historic event for the Somali people. It gives the Somali authorities and us international partners a much better understanding of how many schools are needed for school-aged children, where to build hospitals, and what kind of services the people around the country will need,” said Philippe Lazzarini, the United Nations Resident Coordinator for Somalia.

In the near term, data that has been collected but still needs to be analyzed also has the potential to provide information on a range of socio-economic realities, including the use of basic social services such as education, water and sanitation, occupation, mobility and migration patterns.

For further information, please contact the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation.

Somalia Launches First National Development Plan in 30 Years


Mogadishu, Somalia

The Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) has today launched the first draft of the first National Development Plan (NDP) in 30 years after successfully implementing the New Deal Compact for Somalia for three years.

“This is a major milestone for Somalia and its development agenda,” said Abdi Aynte, Minister of Planning and International Cooperation, whose ministry prepared the draft. “The NDP is the strongest signal yet that Somalia has now entered a development stage after decades of state collapse and a shattered economy. The historic nature of achieving this momentous task, notwithstanding very limited state capacity, can not be understated.”

Minister Aynte said the NDP covers three fiscal years (2017-2019) and is compliant with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Interim Poverty Reduction Paper (iPRSP), both global frameworks for poverty alleviation and economic growth. He added that the four overarching objectives of the NDP are:

  1. a) To quantitatively reduce abject poverty by reviving key economic sectors such as livestock, farming, fishing, ICT, finance and banking
  2. b) To repair vital infrastructure, starting with clean energy and water, economic beltways, ports and airports
  3. c) To qualitatively strengthen state capacity by reforming and streamlining the public administration sector
  4. d) To sustain political inclusivity, accelerate security sector reform and strengthen the rule of law across federal and state levels

“Due to the unique nature of Somalia, this NDP is inclusive of politics, security and the rule of law,” said Aynte. “We must compliment and sustain the demonstrable progress made over the past three years under the New Deal Compact for Somalia.”

The Compact expires in 2016, and the NDP is designed to pick up from where the Compact leaves, said Minister Aynte. He added that the FGS made an agreement with its international partners, through a ‘Mutual Accountability Framework’, to maintain close working relationship during the lifespan of the NDP.

Minister Aynte said the NDP is based on extensive consultations with many stakeholders, starting with federal member states. The team from the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MoPIC) traveled to all existing member states (except Somaliland) and conducted consultations with state and local governments, as well as civil society, with special focus on women and youth groups, and the private sector.

According to the Population Estimate Survey for Somalia, which was released in 2015, over 70% of Somalia’s 12.3 million people are under the age of 30, and slightly over 50% are female. Furthermore, about 11% of Somalia’s population is Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) spread across the country.

“We mainstreamed gender throughout the NDP, thanks to a close collaboration with our Ministry of Gender and Human Rights and UN Women,” said Minister Aynte. “But more than anything else, the NDP caters to the youth—Somalia’s largest group. We believe that the youth bulge in our country poses great deal of risks, but it can also become an advantage to our economy and the vibrancy of our society. In addition, we have a strong component in the NDP tailored for the most vulnerable part of our population: IDPs. It’s called ‘Durable Solutions for the Displaced.’”

President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud welcomed the launch of the NDP.

“This is by far one of the greatest achievements of my administration,” said President Mohamud. “Our legacy will be that we were able to define our development priorities in a way that promotes tangible economic growth and resilient communities. The NDP unlocks Somalia’s economic potential by introducing innovative solutions to persistent impediments. ”

Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Sharmarke echoed the President’s remarks:

“That we were able to craft such a comprehensive NDP in such a short time speaks to the determination of my cabinet,” he said, adding: “We must now translate the NDP into bankable projects and commit state institutions to cooperate on implementation.”

The MoPIC intends to launch a second round of consultations to improve the first draft of the NDP. It anticipates to finalize the NDP by August. The Ministry intends to release the finalized NDP, along with annexes detailing costs, management and implementation plan and monitoring and evaluations framework.

You can download the summary of the NDP in the link below