On September 26, 2017, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a Record of Discussions with the Government of the Federal Republic of Somalia in Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya, for the Youth Employment Project for Somalia, a technical cooperation project.
The project will support the formulation of development plans for industries that create employment opportunities and a human resource development plan toward advancing youth employment in Somalia. The project will also provide human resource training for trainers of educational and vocational training agencies and for start-up and existing companies in the private sector.
With long-running conflict in Somalia since 1991, the state has not adequately protected the socially vulnerable. Among the challenges is that adequate employment opportunities are not being provided to the young under 30, who compose approximately 70 percent of the population. As a result of inadequate work, some young people have turned to piracy and armed rebel organizations to obtain food for daily living. It is therefore urgent that the government take the lead by formulating a policy to improve the environment that supports youth employment and entrepreneurship.
Building on the outcome of the Youth Employment Baseline Study for Somalia, which was carried out by JICA from 2013 to 2015, the project is the first technical cooperation in Somalia in 26 years, since the Barre administration collapsed in 1991. It is expected that the project will improve the environment supporting youth employment and entrepreneurship and create more job opportunities for the youth in Somalia in the future.
In addition to this project, JICA is carrying out training in third countries and Japan, advancing initiatives to stimulate domestic industry, and supporting the consolidation of peace and socioeconomic stability in Somalia.