Press Release : High Level Roundtable on Somalia Drought Response and Recovery

 

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Mogadishu, 30 January 2018

One year after Somalia declared drought as a national emergency, famine has so far been averted due to a large-scale, collective, and unprecedented humanitarian response. Today, the country is marking a turning point toward ending the cycle of recurring humanitarian crises. At a high-level event in the capital Mogadishu, the 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan, seeking USD 1.5 billion to address the needs of 5.4 million people, was jointly presented with a Recovery and Resilience Framework (RRF), which outlines the way forward for recovery and longer-term resilience aimed at addressing the root causes of Somalia’s recurring humanitarian crises.

To address the impact of recurrent drought and famine risk, as a consequence of fragility, the Federal Government of Somalia led a Drought Impact Needs Assessment (DINA), in partnership with Federal Member States, the Banadir Regional Administration, the European Union, the United Nations and the World Bank. The outcomes of the assessment have informed the RRF, which will enable the Federal Government and Federal Member States to devise medium- and long-term solutions to promote development and address the root causes of vulnerability to drought. The DINA and the RRF have been developed in alignment with the 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan and in coordination with humanitarian partners, in order to ensure complementarity and, most importantly, to protect humanitarian achievements.

The joint launch was attended by Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire and other senior representatives of the Federal Government of Somalia, as well as the international community, including the UNDP Administrator Mr. Achim Steiner, UN Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock, World Bank Senior Vice President Mahmoud Mohieldin, and the European Union.

Opening the event, Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire emphasised his government’s resolve in moving from crisis to recovery, “Somalia is turning over a new leaf in its history. Important and significant progress is being made on our peace- and statebuilding agenda. We are determined to overcome the challenges posed by recurring droughts that risk undermining these gains, and we count on our international partners to support us in this endeavour”.

On his first visit to Somalia, UNDP Administrator Achim Steiner recognised the government’s leadership in averting famine in 2017 and highlighted the opportunity to build on this achievement while simultaneously implementing longer-term solutions: “Today, Somalia has more effective institutions than it has had in decades.  Progress in the state-building and peace-building processes in Somalia since 2012 has now created conditions in which targeted efforts can be made to define and implement solutions so that Somalia’s citizens will hopefully not have to face the risk of famine again.”

Noting the magnitude of the humanitarian crisis, Emergency Relief Coordinator Mark Lowcock urged the international community to sustain its life-saving support, while recognising that that the situation cannot be solved by humanitarian interventions alone. “Ending need in Somalia can only be achieved if we respond to immediate humanitarian needs while simultaneously implementing longer-term solutions to build resilience. Humanitarian and development partners are working with the Government to help ensure Somalis are less vulnerable to food insecurity and malnutrition, to natural hazards and displacement, and that they have better access to basic social services,” Mr Lowcock said.

Referencing the New Way of Working, and emphasising the significance of the HRP being jointly launched with the RRF, World Bank Senior Vice President Mahmoud Mohieldin stated that “Somalia is ahead of the curve in its effort to overcome the challenges facing the country”. Mr. Mohieldin noted that hard investment was required to implement the RRF and applauded the government’s efforts to normalise its relations with the international finance system.

In its statement, the European Union expressed appreciation for the government’s leadership and pledged its continued support. “As a major partner to Somalia, who promotes a comprehensive approach linking security, political engagement, development and humanitarian aid, the European Union is pleased by the resolve shown by the government to lead us in a collective effort to move from reaction to prevention”, Mr. Fulgencio Garrido Ruiz, Deputy Head of the European Union Delegation to Somalia, said.

Implemented in parallel to and complementarity with the sustained humanitarian response, the RRF will further address policy measures required to build resilience and propose institutional arrangements to manage, implement, and monitor recovery. The Federal Government of Somalia will continue working with its partners the United Nations, the World Bank, and the European Union in this effort.

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Drought Impact and Needs Assessment and Recovery and Resilience Framework Background

Recurrent drought and subsequent famine risk have become a devastating and unsustainable cycle in Somalia.  Approximately USD 4.5 billion has been spent on emergency responses to save lives in the years since the 2011 famine. 6.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance due to drought and over 900,000 people have been newly displaced, in addition to 1.2 million already in a state of protracted displacement. Due to scaled up humanitarian response in partnership with the Federal Government, local authorities and partners, famine has so far been averted in 2017, but below average rain fall for a third consecutive season, and indications of a fourth consecutive below average season, mean that a risk of famine remains in many areas in late 2017 and in 2018.

While continued and ongoing humanitarian response is vital to protect the most vulnerable and avert famine, in the long-term it is sustainable investment into resilience and durable solutions, alongside humanitarian relief, which can lift Somalia out of poverty, climate-induced crises and insecurity.  Somalia has also made huge progress in building stronger and more effective institutions, led by stronger Federal and Member State governments, which, with continued international support, can break the cycle of recurrent crisis, and these significant yet fragile gains should be protected.  Somalia can address the drivers of fragility and insecurity if it acts now.

Drought Impact and Needs Assessment

It is within this context that the Federal Government of Somalia and Federal Member States, have  carried out a Drought Impact and Needs Assessment (DINA), with the support of the EU, the UN and the World Bank.  The assessment has analysed the impact of the ongoing drought and famine risk on the lives and livelihoods of the Somali people.

DINA was a multi-partner, multi sector approach led by the Federal Government and with the active engagement of the Federal Member States. More than 180 sector experts from the Government, the UN, EU and World Bank have carried out data collection across 18 sectors and have incorporated existing data from the Humanitarian Needs Overview process. Sectors analyzed include agriculture, water supply and sanitation, health and nutrition, food security, livelihoods, conflict, displacement, education and social protection.

What are the findings of the DINA?

The expert teams have identified impacts, needs and suggested practical solutions across multiple sectors.  There has been damages amounting to USD 1.02 billion, and losses estimated at USD 2.23 billion, with the total effect of the drought in Somalia is expected to exceed USD 3.25 billion. Needs are estimated at 1.77 billion over 4-5 years, with Agriculture (irrigated and rain-fed crops), Urban Development, and Municipal Services for IDPs being the sectors with the highest needs.

Recovery and Resilience Framework

 

The findings of the assessment will inform the development of a Recovery and Resilience Framework (RRF), situated within the Government’s National Development Plan (NDP), that will recommend long-term recovery and resilience solutions that address root causes of drought and famine, to be delivered in parallel and in complementarity with humanitarian relief.  The DINA and RRF will also help to ensure that available resources are being used effectively to address needs on both short- and long-term scale.

The RRF will also serve as an operational framework to prioritize and provide finance recommendations for the recovery interventions highlighted during the DINA process, situated within Somalia’s National Development Plan (NDP), while developing government capacity to manage a recovery programme. The framework will support the Somali Government to seek out public and private, domestic and international investments, coordinate outreach to traditional and non-traditional donors, and identify innovative financing tools.

The DINA has integrated the data from the Humanitarian Needs Outcome (HNO), while the RRF will be aligned with the 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), to ensure that the needs of the most vulnerable are met, livelihoods are strengthened and resilience to disasters is built.

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Communiqué of the National Development Council Meeting

Federal Government of Somalia

Ministry of Planning, Investment and Economic Development (MoPIED)

National Development Council (NDC) Meeting

Jazeera Palace Hotel, Mogadishu, January 22-23, 2018

 

Tuesday, January 23, 2018

 Communiqué of the NDC Meeting

            The National Development Council (NDC), which is under the current mechanism of the National Development Plan (NDP) framework, is a critical structure of the implementation of the NDP priorities and result frameworks. NDC comprises the Ministry of Planning, Investment and Economic Development (MoPIED) and Ministries of Planning at the Federal Member States (FMS), and it is a platform that both levels share information and exchange ideas.

The following are strategic and technical outcomes that all NDC members have agreed:

  • NDC members welcome the recent travels of President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (Farmaajo) to some Federal Member States, such as Puntland and Galmudug
  • NDC members also welcome the launch of DINA-RRF project that is planned to take place on January 30th, 2018.
  • NDC members approve aid coordination projects that are led by the Aid Coordination Unit that comes under the Prime Minister’s Office.
  • NDC members call that all implementing agencies and development corporations should align their interventions to maximize impact and to make sure that all projects are implemented in a timely manner so as to reduce transaction costs.
  • NDC members urge donors to consider the institutional development needs of Somalia and to support development instruments that are flexible and tailored to further strengthen institutions.
  • NDC members underscore that donor funded programs require significant resources from national institutions, which weaken our capacity to manage public institutions.
  • NDC members urge that it is important to make sure required resources are provided to national institutions to deliver services.
  • NDC members call for the donor and implementing agencies to align their projects to maximize impacts in line with the NDP priorities.

End.

RE-INTEG Steering Committee Meeting Organized by MoPIED and EU

First RE-INTEG Programme Steering Committee meeting held in Mogadishu: EU and MoPIED addressed needs of IDPs, refugees and host communities in Somalia.

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H.E. Gamal Hassan, Minister of Planning, Investment and Economic Development and Ms Pilar Palmero, Head of Cooperation of the EU Delegation to Somalia co-chaired the first Programme Steering Committee of the REINTEG programme in Mogadishu on 15 January. The steering committee put emphasis on the achievements and challenges of the nine ongoing projects aiming to strengthen access to basic services and livelihood opportunities of displacement affected communities and improve management of mixed migration flows in Somalia.

The Government of Somalia, Federal Member States and Benadir Regional Administration are fully involved in these projects and took part in the meeting to ensure the ownership and sustainability of the activities.

“As a Ministry, I should highlight that the effectiveness of our response towards the reintegration and the target populations is ultimately a test to all our planning; be it for economic growth, job creations, investments or simply planning for food security.” – H.E. Gamal Hassan, Minister of Planning, Investment and Economic Development.

“The sheer size of the investment in this programme – 50 Million Euro – together with regional programmes and humanitarian support shows the commitment the EU attaches to the issues of displacement and migration management.” – Pilar Palmero, Head of Cooperation, EU Delegation to Somalia.

Significant results have already been reached

In December 2015, RE-INTEG: Enhancing Somalia’s responsiveness to the management and reintegration of mixed migration flows for Somalia was approved as a flagship project for the European Union and it represents the biggest comprehensive investment in durable solutions and migration management in Somalia.

Some of the key achievements so far include:

  • 26,492 deportees have been assisted with reception services;
  • 14,224 returnees have been registered;
  • 1,100 displacement affected community members have benefitted from cash for work;
  • 16 schools serving displacement affected communities have been rehabilitated;
  • 23,439 returnee, IDP and host community children enrolled in schools and supported with school fees.

Evictions as a threat to durable solutions

In the meeting the EU highlighted the risk that forced evictions represent for the cooperation on durable solutions, as demonstrated during the mass evictions that took place in Mogadishu on 29-30 December 2017 when 4,000 households were evicted and considerable investments by the international community destroyed.

The EU Delegation stressed that a full and transparent investigation into how these evictions took place is needed and asked the Government to adopt a regulatory framework to ensure that evictions are lawful and carried out in a way that guarantees the protection, rights and dignity of vulnerable Somalis. The Delegation also urged the Government on all levels to show responsibility and take leadership on this issue, and be accountable to the population.

Background on the RE-INTEG Programme

The €50 million RE-INTEG Programme is funded by the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa and the specific objective of the programme is to support sustainable (re)integration of refugees, returnees and IDPs in Somalia. The projects are be implemented by Norwegian Refugee Council in Jubaland, Concern Worldwide in South West, UN Habitat in Banadir, CARE in Galmudug and Puntland and World Vision International in Somaliland, while IDLO, IOM and UNHCR implement RE-INTEG projects in several regions of Somalia.