Mogadishu, 5 December 2017. During the Somalia Partnership Forum in Mogadishu on 5th December, the Federal Government of Somalia presented findings of the Drought Impact and Needs Assessment (DINA) it has carried out in Somalia, with the support of the United Nations, the World Bank and the European Union. The DINA assessed the root causes and impact of recurrent droughts, and has found damages amounting to USD 1.02 billion and losses estimated at USD 2.23 billion. The investment needed for Somalia to recover and build resilience to future droughts is estimated at USD 1.77 billion over 3-5 years.
The assessment was led on behalf of the Federal Government of Somalia by the Federal Ministry of Planning, Investment and Economic Development, with proactive engagement of the Federal Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management, other line Ministries, and with the active engagement of the Federal Member States. Presenting the findings of the assessment, H.E. Gamal Hassan, Minister of Planning, Investment and Economic Development, said that the recurring nature of drought in Somalia had prompted the Government to initiate the assessment with the support of the international community. “With this initiative, we aim to tackle the devastating and unsustainable cycle of recurrent drought and famine risk. These findings lay the foundations for the pathway to resilience and sustainable development in Somalia” he said.
The DINA is based on a globally recognized assessment methodology that has assisted disaster impacted countries around the world to recover and build resilience to crises, while at the same time ensuring the delivery of life saving humanitarian relief. To carry out the assessment in Somalia, 180 sector experts from the Federal Government of Somalia and the Federal Member States, the World Bank, the European Union and the United Nations, collected data across 18 sectors and incorporated existing data from the Somalia Humanitarian Needs Overview.
The findings of the assessment will inform the development of a Recovery and Resilience Framework (RRF)) that will recommend long-term recovery and resilience interventions, to be delivered in complementarity with lifesaving humanitarian response and in line with the priorities of the National Development Plan. The DINA has integrated the data from the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO), while the RRF will be aligned with the 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), to ensure that urgent humanitarian needs are met, livelihoods are restored and resilience to disaster is built.
Speaking at the Somalia Partnership Forum, Mr. Peter de Clercq, Deputy Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Somalia, and Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, highlighted the exemplary leadership of the Federal Government of Somalia and the important role played by the Federal Member States in carrying out the assessment, and reiterated the complementarity of the humanitarian and development approaches in tackling drought and averting famine.
“The Federal Government and Federal Member States have embarked on a new way of working in collaboration with the international community. It has brought us to where we are, in continuing to save hundreds of thousands of lives through a sustained humanitarian response, while simultaneously taking first but clear steps to prevent a drought from ever turning into a famine again by addressing the root causes of Somalia’s fragility. I call on international partners to support us in this effort,” he said.
Mr. Franck Bousquet, Senior Director of the Fragility Conflict and Violence Group of the World Bank, said that the drought impact needs assessment and recovery and resilience framework address the gap between humanitarian response and development. “With progressive and incremental recovery investment, we can address the structural drivers of vulnerability while the humanitarian response proceeds” he added.
The full DINA report and RRF will be co-launched with the Humanitarian Response Plan in early 2018 in Mogadishu.